Usa Botanic Backyard

Project Stay Planted

botanical gardens

Gryshko National Botanical Garden, a botanical garden of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine based in 1936, and A.V. Fomin Botanical Garden of the Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv founded in 1839, which are located in Kyiv, the capital of Ukraine. , Tenerife and the Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid were set up to domesticate new species returned from expeditions to the tropics; in addition they helped found new tropical botanical gardens. From the 1770s, following the instance of the French and Spanish, amateur collectors had been supplemented by official horticultural and botanical plant hunters. These botanical gardens have been boosted by the flora being despatched back to Europe from various European colonies across the globe.

All of those botanical gardens nonetheless exist, mostly in their unique places. The early concern with medicinal vegetation modified in the seventeenth century to an interest in the new plant imports from explorations outdoors Europe as botany steadily established its independence from drugs. In the 18th century, methods of nomenclature and classification have been devised by botanists working in the herbaria and universities associated with the gardens, these systems typically being displayed within the gardens as instructional “order beds”.

Here the physicians delivered lectures on the Mediterranean “simples” or “officinals” that were being cultivated in the grounds. Student schooling was no doubt stimulated by the comparatively latest creation of printing and the publication of the primary herbals.

botanical gardens

In the mid to late 17th century, the Paris Jardin des Plantes was a centre of curiosity with the greatest variety of new introductions to draw the general public. In England, the Chelsea Physic Garden was based in 1673 as the “Garden of the Society of Apothecaries”. The Chelsea backyard had heated greenhouses, and in 1723 appointed Philip Miller (1691–1771) as head gardener. He had a large influence on each botany and horticulture, as plants poured into it from around the world. The garden’s golden age came within the 18th century, when it grew to become the world’s most richly stocked botanical garden. Its seed-exchange programme was established in 1682 and still continues at present.